Sunday, March 31, 2013

Life changes

Are often about events such as divorce, new job, marriage, children and the like

Sometimes about disasters and we have had plenty of these globally recently

In fact we continue to do so

The one that intrigues me at the moment though is the internet and what it means to our lives.

People sitting on benches head down in their phones, tablets or electronic devices.

Oblivious of the nature or world around them.

People in buses cars, planes, trains heads down again

Wherever humans are people are using their devices.

Such a change was unforeseeable only a short time ago.

No one saw the degree to which these devices have changed human behaviour.

Across the planet human behaviour is and has changed.

From young to old

Maybe less so with the old but certainly the young have embraced the internet and these new devices with great enthusiasm.

A couple of thoughts occur.

These devices are literally changing our young

They are device literate before they are five years old.

Their brains are being used differently.

Creativity is changing because they are occupied with their internet world.

They are not learning creativity in the way previous generations have.

They have not learnt to go from boredom to creativity

They are immersed in facebook, twitter and the like which in themselves are changing behaviour.

Many are cut off from the world around them by their music and other audio devices.

Not hearing or relating to that world

Yes one can argue that there are many pluses

What cannot be denied is that this new use of the internet is changing us and our understanding of lilfe

Changing our young

They do not get their information from parents in the same way

Parents are not the same authority figures

Good or bad?

Probably both

A fact our young know more than we did at the same age

Their exposure to information is vastly greater than ours was

The type of information is also different

Global information is the norm today

Bad news every day from somewhere

Fact is we are all seeing the same information wherever we are

Granted some is filtered and manipulated

Problem is we do not know which is manipulated

The great fashion horror show gives us a clue though

Few if any magazine pictures of young women are not photo shopped.

Young women are given such a false idea of the ideal

Young emaciated women presented as the ideal

Millions of young women being manipulated to believe that this is beauty

Society apparently powerless to change this situation

Then again there are other aspects of this change that so far is going without comment

Most of us are living under a high frequency net above our heads

A net that makes most feel tired

A tiredness that people put down to any number of reasons but never this one

When will we notice?

Maybe never as it is not in the interests of many people that we become aware of this.

There are of course many other aspects of this change in our lives that are as yet not observable

We can only watch as the genie is now well and truly out of the bottle

Saturday, March 30, 2013

New education tables

The UK's education system is ranked sixth best in the developed world, according to a global league table published by education firm Pearson.

The first and second places are taken by Finland and South Korea.

The rankings combine international test results and data such as graduation rates between 2006 and 2010.

Sir Michael Barber, Pearson's chief education adviser, says successful countries give teachers a high status and have a "culture" of education.

International comparisons in education have become increasingly significant - and this latest league table is based upon a series of global test results combined with measures of education systems, such as how many people go on to university.

This composite picture puts the UK in a stronger position than the influential Pisa tests from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) - which is also one of the tests included in this ranking.

The weightings for the rankings have been produced for Pearson by the Economist Intelligence Unit.

Global competition

The two education superpowers - Finland and South Korea - are followed by three other high-performing Asian education systems - Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore.


  • Finland
  • South Korea
  • Hong Kong
  • Japan
  • Singapore
  • UK
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Switzerland
  • Canada
  • Ireland
  • Denmark
  • Australia
  • Poland
  • Germany
  • Belgium
  • USA
  • Hungary
  • Slovakia
  • Russia

The UK - which is considered as a single system, rather than four devolved administrations - is then ranked at the head of an above-average group including the Netherlands, New Zealand, Canada and Ireland.

These are ahead of a middle-ranking group including the United States, Germany and France.

At the lowest end are Mexico, Brazil and Indonesia.

These comparisons draw upon tests that are taken every three or four years, in areas such as maths, science and literacy - and so present a picture lagging by several years.

But the intention is to provide a more multi-dimensional view of educational achievement - and create a databank which will be updated, in a project that Pearson is calling the Learning Curve.

Looking at education systems that succeed, the study concludes that spending is important, but not as much as having a culture that is supportive of learning.

It says that spending is easier to measure, but the more complex impact of a society's attitude to education can make a big difference.

The success of Asian countries in these rankings reflects the high value attached to education and the expectations of parents. 

This can continue to be a factor when families migrate to other countries, says the report accompanying the rankings.

Looking at the two top countries - Finland and South Korea - the report says that there are many big differences, but the common factor is a shared social belief in the importance of education and its "underlying moral purpose".

Teacher quality

The report also emphasises the importance of high-quality teachers and the need to find ways to recruit the best staff. 

This might be about status and professional respect as well as levels of pay.

The rankings show that there is no clear link between higher relative pay and higher performance.

And there are direct economic consequences of high and low performing education systems, the study says, particularly in a globalised, skill-based economy.

But there are less straightforward and conflicting messages about how schools are organised.

The ranking for levels of school choice shows that Finland and South Korea have among the lowest levels of school choice

But Singapore, another high performer, has the highest level. 

The UK is among the upper levels in terms of school choice.
'Significant' data

Higher levels of school autonomy are a characteristic of many higher performing systems - headed by China, the Netherlands, the UK and Hong Kong (which is considered as a separate school system in such education rankings).

But Finland, the most successful system, has a relatively low level of school autonomy.

Sir Michael Barber, a former adviser to Tony Blair, said that the gathering of this information was the "start of something significant" - providing a practical resource for policy makers wanting to learn from other countries.

In terms of the UK's performance, he said it fitted into the view that education standards had risen at the end of the 1990s and into the early 2000s and had then levelled off.

Labour's education spokesman Stephen Twigg said the findings reflected the achievements of the previous government.

This report shows that after 13 years of investment and reform with Labour, schools in the UK are amongst the best in the world."

And he said the findings did not provide evidence for the current government's support for free schools.

This shows there is much more to school performance than structures, said Mr Twigg.

A Department for Education spokeswoman said: 

We are driving up standards right across the board by bringing the best graduates into teaching, developing a world-class curriculum, and restoring order to our classrooms.

We are driving forward the academies and free schools programmes with more than half of secondary schools now enjoying academy status.

We have introduced the EBacc so more pupils are encouraged to study the core academic subjects that universities and employers demand and we will be introducing a new, far more rigorous examination system.


Friday, March 29, 2013

That little perfection app

The tongue-in-cheek app has become very popular. 

The secret of its success is our relentless pursuit of perfection, bound up in a culture geared towards achievement and goal attainment.

Beginning with our predilection for a child’s grades over their learning, and continuing with a keener interest in salary than employment. 

Our visual culture, too, is focused on images of Olympian beauty where women and, increasingly, men are morphed and perfected into a narrow construct of beauty, 

So that the notion of perfection has become a symptom of a society unable to deal with variety and one frightened of imperfection, uniqueness and difference.
Failing to meet our impossibly high standards of perfection is easy and once we recognize our shortcomings, we transfer this pursuit of perfection onto our partner. 

What better way to compensate for our inadequacy than by dating the perfect man? 

As Alain de Botton points out, We locate inside another a perfection that eludes us within ourselves, and through our union with the beloved hope to maintain (against the evidence of all self-knowledge) a precarious faith in our species.
Let’s say we were able to create the perfect man. 

With newfound genetic knowledge, the ability for us to manipulate nature is no longer the property of science fiction. 

In years to come we may be able to make man more perfectly suited to our desires and needs, to enhance them physically, mentally and emotionally with Promethean aspiration. 

Forget receding hairlines, growing beer guts, feigned interest in conversation, and late nights with the boys. 

If we were able to make them less prone to lying, more caring and loving, which woman could say no? 

Would a world of Stepford Husbands be so very bad?
The sad reality is that even if we were to create our perfect man on paper, we’d ultimately find fault with his human manifestation. 

As the role of enhancement increases (genetic conditioning to faithfulness, say), our admiration for the achievement (not straying) fades. 

There would be something fundamentally depressing about a man who remains loyal because he has been programmed to do so.

Just as there is something fundamentally uplifting about a gift of flowers from a decidedly unromantic suitor. 

When perfection isn’t inbuilt and doesn’t come naturally, a partner’s willingness to strive for it requires real agency.
Even worse, if our men did reach the dizzying heights of perfection, we’d be left to suffer a lifetime of reflecting upon our own shortcomings. 

And though they wouldn’t be able to remind us of our failings (they’d be perfect, remember), we’d have to endure a niggling voice at the back of our minds telling us to try harder, to change, to keep striving for an unattainable state of perfection.
So let’s embrace a new outlook and vow to make our relationships stronger.

Not by despairing of their lack of perfection, but instead by resolving to make things better, incrementally.

One toilet seat at a time. 

Thursday, March 28, 2013

Once in a while.............

We have a journalist writing some honest truths 

Without playing politics

Here is one such example

What a shame that so little is written today without it's inevitable spin and lies.

An excellent article

Convulsions of grief were still being felt across north London last night in the wake of David Miliband’s resignation. The BBC, which has long felt special reverence for the great man, reported the event in hushed tones. The Guardian hosted feverish and wistful discussions about whether Mr Miliband might condescend to return one day to public life.
Tony Blair regretted “a massive loss to UK politics”. A near tearful Tessa Jowell said “it’s very sad”. Lord Adonis mourned an “inspirational leader”. A tremulous Yvette Cooper praised a “powerful speaker” and a “great minister”.
Across the Atlantic, former president Bill Clinton called him “one of the ablest, most creative public servants of our time”. Lord Mandelson, whose protégé Mr Miliband was, almost begged him to reconsider.

The rest of us, however, can contemplate the situation with equanimity. We are, after all, talking about someone who was at best a minor politician, no towering colossus. Mr Miliband has left only one lasting legacy, and that was destructive. As foreign secretary he closed down the Foreign and Commonwealth Office library. It had been there since before the days of Palmerston, and   its absence has done permanent damage to the corporate memory of the FCO
 – now that its contents have been dispersed, it will never be restored.

Apart from this one moment of breathtaking bibliographical barbarism, which only a politician who cared nothing for British tradition and history would have contemplated, Mr Miliband achieved nothing.
However, before he fades into obscurity, it is important to ask what the fuss is all about. Why is the BBC, which would scarcely have noticed if a former Conservative foreign secretary stood down from Parliament, unable to contain itself? Why is the Blairite wing of Labour in such a state of desolation and hysteria? Why the agonised Guardian inquest? Any detached judge has always been able to see that David Miliband was not front-rank. 

He is a hopeless public speaker (whatever Yvette Cooper’s protestations), and has never once expressed an original thought.
Yet after Labour’s 1997 election victory he was the poster boy of a new ruling elite which seized control of the commanding heights of British politics. Anti-democratic, financially greedy and morally corrupt, this new political class has done the most enormous damage. 

Since David Miliband was its standard-bearer, his political career explains a great deal about what has gone wrong with British public life, about why politicians are no longer liked or trusted, and about how political parties have come to be viewed with contempt.
Mr Miliband – and this is the essential point – set the pattern that so many others, including his brother Ed, have followed. Obsessed by politics at university (like Ed and David Cameron, he read PPE at Oxford), he has never had even the faintest connection with the real world. From life in think tanks he became a Labour Party researcher and special adviser, before being parachuted into the north-eastern constituency of South Shields as an MP.
He rose up on the inside track, getting in with the right people and making sure he stayed there. This meant not rocking the boat. He wrote Labour’s 1997 and 2001 election manifestos, which even Labour people now admit were content-free. 

He was at the heart of the Labour machine when it spewed out its now notorious falsehoods over immigration and Iraq (there is a savage irony to the fact that Mr Miliband is going to head a humanitarian organisation when the government of which he was such a loyal member created so many of the world’s disasters).
When promoted to education minister, he was personally responsible for issuing false claims that exam marks were getting better because of higher standards rather than (as we now know) grade inflation.
I used to speak to Mr Miliband fairly often during this period, and it is important to make clear that he was personally not an especially bad man. It was simply that he was completely inexperienced and had no idea how the world (which he famously defined as a “scary place” during a Labour conference speech) worked.
This meant that he was out of his depth when promoted to the Foreign Office, where he quickly became an apologist for British government involvement with torture. I once counted six lies emerge from his lips on the subject of our complicity over “extraordinary rendition” during the course of a nine-minute interview with Andrew Neil on The Politics Show.
It is a great pity that Mr Miliband, who is only 47, is not entering politics now, after learning the ropes elsewhere. If so, this well-meaning man would surely have a serious contribution to make. As things stand, however, we can learn lessons from his failure, and the most important of these is that MPs need more ballast when they come into Parliament.
There was a time when politicians picked themselves up and got on with it after a setback. When Denis Healey, much the more serious candidate, was defeated by Michael Foot in the 1980 Labour leadership election, he did not go into some cosmic sulk. He dusted himself down, joined the front bench, and served Foot loyally. Willie Whitelaw probably felt hard done by when he lost the Tory leadership to Margaret Thatcher in 1975. But he was her bulwark and support ever after.
But the Whitelaws and Healeys had enjoyed a deep knowledge of the world, which told them that a personal setback such as losing the party leadership was a trivial matter indeed, and other things mattered far more.
Nobody expects this kind of wise judgment today. When, yesterday, the BBC sent its political editor, Nick Robinson, into Mr Miliband’s home to ask reverentially about the great decision, he did not ask why Mr Miliband was leaving his South Shields constituents in the lurch. Nor did Mr Robinson ask any questions about Mr Miliband’s finances.
Yet these are extremely pertinent to his decision to resign. The House of Commons register reveals that he has earned an incredible sum – nearly £1 million – from outside interests since losing the party leadership to his brother, including £125,000 for 15 days’ work as a director of Sunderland, a constituency-based football club owned by a super-rich businessman with interests in private equity. 

Approximately £60,000 has come his way from the UAE, a gulf state with an unappetising human rights record, and another hefty chunk from St James’s Place, a company that advises very rich people how to invest their money.
Like his mentors Tony Blair and Peter Mandelson, Mr Miliband is one of that unappetising breed of modern politician that has chosen to profiteer out of public service. It is a pity that the BBC did not ask him whether his sudden decision to abandon his constituents was not informed by a desire to keep his huge earnings out of the public eye.
During his short, undistinguished career, Mr Miliband has done grave damage to British politics. He is part of the new governing elite which is sucking the heart out of our representative democracy while enriching itself in the process. He may be mourned in the BBC and in north London, but the rest of us are entitled to form a more realistic view. David Miliband has belittled our politics and he will not be missed.
Peter Osbourne

Husband banned from Target

After I retired, my wife insisted that I accompany her on her trips to Target. 

Unfortunately, like most men, I found shopping boring and preferred to get in and get out. 

Equally unfortunate, my wife is like most women - she loves to browse.

Yesterday my dear wife received the following letter from our local Target.

Dear Mrs. Samsel,

Over the past six months, your husband has caused quite a commotion in our store.. 

We cannot tolerate this behavior and have been forced to ban both of you from the store. 

Our complaints against your husband, Mr. Samsel, are listed below and are documented by our video surveillance cameras.

1. June 15:  Took 24 boxes of condoms and randomly put them in other people's carts when they weren't looking.

2. July 2:   Set all the alarm clocks in House wares to go off at 5-minute intervals.

3. July 7:   He made a trail of tomato juice on the floor leading to the women's restroom.

4. July 19:   Walked up to an employee and told her in an official voice, 'Code 3 in House wares. Get on it right away'. 

This caused the employee to leave her assigned station and receive a reprimand from her Supervisor that in turn resulted with a union grievance, causing management to lose time and costing the company money.

5. August 4:   Went to the Service Desk and tried to put a bag of M&Ms on layaway.

6. August 14:   Moved a 'CAUTION - WET FLOOR' sign to a carpeted area.

7. August 15:   Set up a tent in the camping department and told the children shoppers he would invite them in if they would bring pillows and blankets from the bedding department to which twenty children obliged.

8. August 23:   When a clerk asked if they could help him he began crying and screamed, 'Why can't you people just leave me alone?' 

Paramedics were called..

9. September 4:   Looked right into the security camera and used it as a mirror while he picked his nose.

10. September 10:   While handling guns in the hunting department, he asked the clerk where the antidepressants were.

11. October 3:   Darted around the store suspiciously while loudly humming the 'Mission Impossible' theme.

12. October 6:    In the auto department, he practiced his 'Madonna look' by using different sizes of funnels.

13. October 18:   Hid in a clothing rack and when people browsed through, yelled 'PICK ME! PICK ME!'

14. October 21:   When an announcement came over the loud speaker, he assumed a fetal position and screamed 'OH NO! IT'S THOSE VOICES AGAIN!'

And last, but not least:

15. October 23:   Went into a fitting room, shut the door, waited awhile, and then yelled very loudly, 'Hey! There's no toilet paper in here.' 

One of the clerks passed out.

Hope this made you smile as it did me.

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Faster than light

Many scientists claim that if anything were to travel faster than light it would travel backwards in time.

If an object were to travel from point A to point B faster than the speed of light.

It’s certainly true that observers at B would see it arrive at B before they see it leave A;

In fact, it would appear to travel backwards from B to A.

This is because their observations are dependent on light

Light which can’t keep pace with the object in question.

But if they could make observations by means of superluminal signals travelling even faster than the object concerned, everything would appear normal again and they would see the object move from A to B.

It’s absurd to think that time can literally go into reverse.

Strictly speaking, time is not something that ‘flows’.

Or that you can go backwards ‘in’ or even forwards ‘in’.

Time is a concept we use to quantify the rate at which events occur

And can be applied wherever there is change and motion.

Which basically means a succession of cause and effect.

To reverse the direction of time, effects would have to precede their causes.

On paper, it’s actually very easy to reverse the direction of time:

All you do is replace the variable ‘t’ in certain scientific equations by ‘- t’.

Any theorists who think that this shows that time can be reversed in reality need their heads examining!

David Pratt

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

Monday, March 25, 2013

Karma - 2

(17) The appropriateness of an instrument for the operation of Karma consists in the exact connection and relation of the Karma with the body, mind, intellectual and psychical nature acquired for use by the Ego in any life.

(18) Every instrument used by any Ego in any life is appropriate to the Karma operating through it.

(19) Changes may occur in the instrument during one life so as to make it appropriate for a new class of Karma, and this may take place in two ways: 

(a) through intensity of thought and the power of a vow, and 

(b) through natural alterations due to complete exhaustion of old causes.

(20) As body and mind and soul have each a power of independent action, any one of these may exhaust, independently of others, some Karmic causes more remote from or nearer to the time of their inception than those operating though other channels.

(21) Karma is both merciful and just. Mercy and Justice are only opposite poles of a single whole; and Mercy without Justice is not possible in the operations of Karma. 

That which man calls Mercy and Justice is defective, errant, and impure.

(22) Karma may be of three sorts 

(a) Presently operative in this life through the appropriate instruments; 

(b) that which is being made or stored up to be exhausted in the future; 

(c) Karma held over from past life or lives and not operating yet because inhibited by inappropriateness of the instrument in use by the Ego, or by the force of Karma now operating.

(23) Three fields of operation are used in each being by Karma: 

(a) the body and the circumstances; 

(b) the mind and intellect; 

(c) the psychic and astral planes.

(24) Held-over Karma or present Karma may each, or both at once, operate in all of the three fields of Karmic operation at once, or in either of those fields a different class of Karma from that using the others may operate at the same time.

(25) Birth into any sort of body and to obtain the fruits of any sort of Karma is due to the preponderance of the line of Karmic tendency.

(26) The sway of Karmic tendency will influence the incarnation of an Ego, or any family of Egos, for three lives at least, when measures of repression, elimination, or counteraction are not adopted.

(27) Measures taken by an Ego to repress tendency, eliminate defects, and to counteract by setting up different causes, will alter the sway of Karmic tendency and shorten its influence in accordance with the strength or weakness of the efforts expended in carrying out the measures adopted.

(28) No man but a sage or true seer can judge another's Karma. 

Hence while each receives his deserts appearances may deceive, and birth into poverty or heavy trial may not be punishment for bad Karma.

For Egos continually incarnate into poor surroundings where they experience difficulties and trials which are for the discipline of the Ego and result in strength, fortitude, and sympathy.

(29) Race-Karma influences each unit in the race through the law of Distribution. 

National Karma operates on the members of the nation by the same law more concentrated. 

Family Karma governs only with a nation where families have been kept pure and distinct; for in any nation where there is a mixture of family -- as obtains in each Kali yuga period -- family Karma is in general distributed over a nation. 

But even at such periods some families remain coherent for long periods, and then the members feel the sway of family Karma. 

The word "family" may include several smaller families.

(30) Karma operates to produce cataclysms of nature by concatenation through the mental and astral planes of being. 

A cataclysm may be traced to an immediate physical cause such as internal fire and atmospheric disturbance, but these have been brought on by the disturbance created through the dynamic power of human thought.

(31) Egos who have no Karmic connection with a portion of the globe where a cataclysm is coming on are kept without the latter's operation in two ways: 

(a) by repulsion acting on their inner nature, and 

(b) by being called and warned by those who watch the progress of the world.

Sunday, March 24, 2013

Karma - 1

Aphorisms on Karma
The following, among others not yet used, were given to me by teachers, among them being H. P. Blavatsky. 
Some were written, others communicated in other ways. 
To me they were declared to be from manuscripts not now accessible to the general public. 
Each one was submitted for my judgment and reason; and just as they, aside from any authority, approved themselves to my reason after serious consideration of them, so I hope they will gain the approval of those my fellow workers to whom I now publish them. -- William Q. Judge
(1) There is no Karma unless there is a being to make it or feel its effects.

(2) Karma is the adjustment of effects flowing from causes, during which the being upon whom and through whom that adjustment is effected experiences pain or pleasure.

(3) Karma is an undeviating and unerring tendency in the Universe to restore equilibrium, and it operates incessantly.

(4) The apparent stoppage of this restoration to equilibrium is due to the necessary adjustment of disturbance at some other spot, place, or focus which is visible only to the Yogi, to the Sage, or the perfect Seer: there is therefore no stoppage, but only a hiding from view.

(5) Karma operates on all things and beings from the minutest conceivable atom up to Brahma. 

Proceeding in the three worlds of men, gods, and the elemental beings, no spot in the manifested universe is exempt from its sway.

(6) Karma is not subject to time, and therefore he who knows what is the ultimate division of time in this Universe knows Karma.

(7) For all other men Karma is in its essential nature unknown and unknowable.

(8) But its action may be known by calculation from cause to effect; and this calculation is possible because the effect is wrapped up in and is not succedent to the cause.

(9) The Karma of this earth is the combination of the acts and thoughts of all beings of every grade which were concerned in the preceding Manvantara or evolutionary stream from which ours flows.

(10) And as those beings include Lords of Power and Holy Men, as well as weak and wicked ones, the period of the earth's duration is greater than that of any entity or race* upon it.

* 'Race' does not mean ethnicity, but concerns Life-Waves of incarnating human beings.(11) Because the Karma of this earth and its races began in a past too far back for human minds to reach, an inquiry into its beginning is useless and profitless.

(12) Karmic causes already set in motion must be allowed to sweep on until exhausted, but this permits no man to refuse to help his fellows and every sentient being.

(13) The effects may be counteracted or mitigated by the thoughts and acts of oneself or of another, and then the resulting effects represent the combination and interaction of the whole number of causes involved in producing the effects.

(14) In the life of worlds, races, nations, and individuals, Karma cannot act unless there is an appropriate instrument provided for its action.

(15) And until such appropriate instrument is found, that Karma related to it remains unexpended.

(16) While a man is experiencing Karma in the instrument provided, his other unexpended Karma is not exhausted through other beings or means, but is held reserved for future operation; and lapse of time during which no operation of that Karma is felt causes no deterioration in its force or change in its nature.

Saturday, March 23, 2013

Why women are the talkative sex

Women do really talk more than men, a study has concluded.

Women do really talk more than men, a study has concluded

American researchers found females are the more talkative sex because of a special “language protein” in the brain.

The study, compiled by neuroscientists and psychologist from the University of Maryland

The research concluded that women talked more because they had more of the Foxp2 protein.

The research, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, found that higher levels were found among humans that were women but in rats they were males.

Their findings come after it was previously claimed that ladies speak about 20,000 words a day – more than 13,000 more than men.

This study is one of the first to report a sex difference in the expression of a language-associated protein in humans or animals,” said Prof Margaret McCarthy, who led the study.

In their study, the researchers attempted to determine what might make male rats more vocal than their female friends.
They separated four-day-old rats from their mothers and then counted the number of times they cried out in the “ultrasonic range”, the frequencies higher than humans can hear, over five minutes.
While both sexes emitted hundreds of cries, the males called out twice as often, they found. 

But when the pups were returned to the same cage as their mother, she fussed over her sons first.
According to tests compiled on the parts of the brain known to be involved in vocal calls showed the male pups to have up to twice as much Foxp2 protein as the females.
The researchers then increased the production in the brains of female pups and reduced it in males.
This led to the female rats crying out more often and their mothers showing more interest to them. 

In contrast, males became less “talkative”.
The researchers then tested samples from ten children, aged between three and five, which showed that females had up to a 30 per cent more of the Foxp2 protein than males, in a brain area key to language in humans.
Based on our observations, we postulate higher levels of Foxp2 in girls and higher levels of Foxp2 in male rats is an indication that Foxp2 protein levels are associated with the more communicative sex, said Prof McCarthy, from the university’s School of Medicine.
Our results implicate Foxp2 as a component of the neurobiological basis of sex differences in vocal communication in mammals.